Chemistry

Utilities of Organic Chemistry


Organic compounds are more abundant than inorganic compounds.

Today millions of organic compounds are already known, being one of the most studied areas in the chemical industry and the petroleum industry.

Thus, it was possible to manufacture plastics such as nylon, polyester, Teflon, rayon, etc.


Oil rig

As organic natural compounds, we can cite oil, natural gas, coal, etc.

As synthetic organic compounds, we can mention plastics, dyes, medicines, insecticides, clothing, etc.



Dyes, medicines and polyethylene (PET) bottles

Carbon atom

The carbon atom has atomic mass (A) equal to 12.01u and atomic number (Z) equal to 6. See its electronic configuration:

The carbon atom has 6 electrons, being 4 electrons in the last shell (valence shell). For this reason, we call the carbon atom tetravalent.